‘Her war never stopped': the Dutch teenager who resisted the NazisFreddie Oversteegen, who has died at 93, waged a campaign of killing and sabotage – but struggled to adapt to peacetime
The first thing the Nazis took from Freddie Oversteegen was her bed.
Her mother, Trijn, a communist bringing up her children independently in the Dutch city of Haarlem, sheltered Jews, dissidents and gay people as they fled Germany in the 1930s. Oversteegen, who was seven when Adolf Hitler came to power, bunked in with her big sister Truus to make room. Continue reading...

Rotterdam prepared for worst when Britain crashes out of EUIn Rotterdam, everyone assumes the UK will leave the single market and customs union. We went to see how it plans to cope with the upheaval
Europe's largest port, Rotterdam, is counting down to Brexit. "In about 200 days' time, if nothing else happens… we will need to supervise all the goods coming in and out of the UK market," says Roel van 't Veld, Brexit coordinator at the Dutch customs authority.
Hard Brexit or soft? Chequers dead or alive? Does "max-fac" make any sense? The feverish debate in Westminster is distant for officials in Rotterdam, who are working on the assumption the UK will leave the EU's single market and customs union on 29 March 2019.
I would like the UK to stay within the common market, but it appears that the UK prefers not to Continue reading...

Picnics on the motorway: the first car-free Sundays – in pictures
For three months from November 1973, the Dutch government banned cars on Sundays to curb oil consumption during the Opec energy crisis. City residents enjoyed picnics on empty motorways and got around on foot, by bike ... and on horseback Continue reading...

About 1,000 deer to be culled at controversial Dutch rewilding park
More than 3,000 deer, ponies and cattle died last winter at the Oostvaardersplassen reserve
A Dutch provincial council has authorised the mass culling of about 1,000 deer on a controversial nature reserve east of Amsterdam where more than 3,000 red deer, ponies and cattle died last winter, almost all of them shot by park rangers because they were starving.
A report by a special committee of Flevoland council this year demanded an immediate end to the rewilding principles on which the unique 15,000-acre Oostvaardersplassen reserve was run, which allowed "natural processes" to determine the herbivore population.
Related: Dutch rewilding experiment sparks backlash as thousands of animals starve Continue reading...

Four children killed as train hits vehicle at Dutch level crossing
Fifth child and woman driving electric wagon critically injured in collision in Oss
Four children, including two from the same family, have died after a train struck an electric transport wagon in which they were travelling near the eastern Dutch town of Oss, local media have reported.
A fifth child, also from the same family, and the woman driving the wagon, known as a bolderkar or Stint, were critically injured. The ANP news agency said the accident happened at about 8.25am on Thursday on a manned level crossing as the woman was taking the children, aged between four and 11, from the before-school daycare centre where she worked to local primary schools. Continue reading...

Walk the Lijnbaan: decline and rebirth on Europe's first pedestrianised street
Out of the ashes of postwar Rotterdam, the Lijnbaan rose as a ‘living room for the city' – a revolutionary concept inspiring imitations from Warsaw to Stevenage
A decade after the historic centre of Rotterdam was largely destroyed by bombing during the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940, the city set about building a replacement.
The old centre had its faults: narrow streets, alleys and canals that hindered the passage of traffic. The postwar city council seized the opportunity to build a modern centre and straighten the street pattern. The idea was to give Rotterdammers "what they had, but improved and refined", according to the architect Jo van den Broek, who embodied the optimistic spirit that ruled Rotterdam at the time.
The Lijnbaan was a luxurious oasis built upon an open wound

As cities around the world close central streets to cars to mark World Car-Free Day, Guardian Cities is looking at the joys and trials of urban walking.
Related: Sign up for the Cityscape: the best of Guardian Cities every week
Related: What would a truly walkable city look like? Continue reading...

Strictly analogue: Polaroid's past, present and future – a photo essay
Guardian photographer Christian Sinibaldi tours the world's last Polaroid film factory, in the Netherlands, the only remaining factory still making film for the much-loved instant cameras
The Polaroid Corporation was launched in 1937 becoming a touchstone for American innovation and engineering prowess. It was the brainchild of scientist and inventor Edwin Land and his Harvard tutor George Wheelwright and at first made the plastic for polarising sunglasses. In time, it was to create and popularise instant photography, launching a seriesof pioneering cameras and film formats. These inspired generations of artists, including Andy Warhol, Helmut Newton, Robert Mapplethorpe, Maripol, Keith Haring and Guy Bourdin. They helped to raise Polaroid to the status of cultural icon.
This month, Polaroid Originals, launched the OneStep+ instant analogue camera which brings analogue instant photography up to date, as it can be connected to a smartphone app, enabling a range of effects.
The Enschede Polaroid production plant.
Some of the technicians and operators have worked at the factory for decades
Polaroid cameras refurbished over 50 years including the SX-70 camera. Photograph: Mee-Lai Stone Continue reading...

Dutch royal family step in to save former home of Kaiser Wilhelm II
Huis Doorn in the Netherlands struggles to attract visitors due to controversial legacy of last German emperor
In the gloom of his small mausoleum near the village of Doorn, 16 miles east of the Dutch city of Utrecht, lies the mummified corpse of Kaiser Wilhelm II. His lead coffin is draped with a flag bearing the black eagle of Prussia. Surrounding the mausoleum, at his request, is a rhododendron garden.
According to some historians, at the end of the first world war the last German emperor was only able to flee the British and French gallows to live in exile in the Netherlands because of the help of his distant cousin, the Dutch queen Wilhelmina.
Related: Queen Beatrix's abdication: too 'typically Dutch' for the Windsors? | Joris Luyendijk Continue reading...

Unilever can't just expect UK fund managers to agree on going Dutch
The firm wants to incorporate in the Netherlands, but UK shareholders have a duty to make their voice heard
About time too. UK fund managers who will decide whether Unilever can go Dutch are starting to stir. David Cumming, the chief investment officer for equities at Aviva Investors, says his group will vote against the proposal. To encourage others to rebel, he adds that it's hard to see any advantage in Unilever's plan for any UK shareholder, which is a reasonable stance.
Everybody understands by now Unilever's reasons for wanting to abandon its current Anglo-Dutch structure and incorporate in the Netherlands: it thinks deal-making and capital-raising would be easier without two classes of share, which is probably true. The problem is the effect of the revamp on UK funds.
Related: Marmite firm's plan to move HQ out of UK rejected by major shareholder
Related: Boohoo boss in line for £50m bonus if share price rises by 180% Continue reading...

Marmite firm's plan to move HQ out of UK rejected by major shareholder
Aviva to vote against Unilever's proposal to exit FTSE 100 and operate only from Netherlands
A major UK shareholder in Unilever is to vote against the FTSE 100 company's plans to scrap its dual British-Dutch structure and is urging other investors to follow suit.
The asset management arm of the insurer Aviva is opposing Unilever's plans to move to a sole headquarters in Rotterdam and incorporate in the Netherlands under a single holding company. Continue reading...

Dutch Catholic church accused of widespread sexual abuse cover-up
20 of 39 Dutch cardinals, bishops and auxiliaries ‘covered up sexual abuse, allowing perpetrators to cause many more victims', report says
More than half of the Netherlands' senior clerics were involved in covering up sexual assault of children between 1945 and 2010, a press report claimed on Saturday, further engulfing the Catholic church in a global abuse scandal.
Over the course of 65 years, 20 of 39 Dutch cardinals, bishops and their auxiliaries "covered up sexual abuse, allowing the perpetrators to cause many more victims", the daily NRC reported.
Related: Tens of thousands of children abused in Dutch Catholic institutions, report says
Related: US cardinal accused of concealing abuse pulls out of Dublin event Continue reading...

Dutch expelled Russians over alleged novichok lab hacking plot
Two men were arrested over alleged plan to infiltrate lab where Salisbury nerve agent was analysed
The Dutch government expelled two alleged Russian spies this year after they were accused of planning to hack into a Swiss chemicals laboratory where novichok nerve agent samples from the Salisbury attack were analysed, it has emerged.
The men were arrested in The Hague this spring as part of an operation involving British, Swiss and Dutch intelligence agencies. Continue reading...

Speculation over fate of missing Dutchman linked to WikiLeaks
Arjen Kamphuis' effects found in the sea but his phones were turned on 1,000 miles away
On 20 August, Arjen Kamphuis, a leading Dutch cybersecurity expert, checked out of his hotel in Bodø, northern Norway. He had told friends that he planned to take the train to Trondheim, 10 hours away.
He never boarded the train. Nor, two days later at the supposed end of his holiday, did he catch his return flight to Amsterdam. An intensive search by Norwegian police, and two Dutch investigators dispatched to help them has failed to locate him.

.@JulianAssange associate and author of "Information Security for Journalists" @ArjenKamphuis has disappeared according to friends (@ncilla) and colleagues. Last seen in Bodø, #Norway, 11 days ago on August 20. pic.twitter.com/dV75NGKpgI Continue reading...

A road full of bottlenecks: Dutch cycle path is made of plastic waste
First path entirely made of recycled bottles, cups and packaging opens in Zwolle
The world's first plastic bicycle path made of recycled bottles, cups and packaging has opened in the Netherlands, as part of a pilot that could see similar roads open up across the country.
The 30-metre path, made of recycled plastic equivalent to more than 218,000 plastic cups, is expected to be three times as durable as an asphalt alternative. Continue reading...

Unilever's decision to go Dutch should be shot down | Nils Pratley
The consumer goods company's case for incorporating in the Netherlands fails to convince
The grown-up stance, supposedly, is to shrug one's shoulders at Unilever's proposal to dismantle its Anglo-Dutch model and incorporate in the Netherlands. We are invited to be phlegmatic about the near-certain removal of the stock from the FTSE 100 index. Unilever will still have a listing in the London, runs the argument, so why make a fuss? The UK operations are staying put and the company is probably to be believed when it says Brexit didn't influence its thinking.
Such points would be easier to swallow if Unilever had made a convincing case for choosing the Netherlands over the UK. But it hasn't. Continue reading...

The world is failing women and girls whose bodies have been weaponised | Lilianne Ploumen
We need a worldwide sanctions regime to target those using sexual violence against women and girls as a strategy of war
Remember #BringBackOurGirls? It was a cry for help by the families of the girls from Chibok in Nigeria. Their daughters were abducted by Boko Haram in 2014. Some have been released, others are still held. Survivors tell horrific stories of rape and forced marriages.
Remember Mount Sinjar in Iraq? Thousands of Yazidi families took refuge from Isis on the mountain in 2014. Others fell into the militants' hands. Women were sold into sexual slavery, held captive and raped. Continue reading...

‘Terrorist motive' for stabbing of two US tourists in Amsterdam
19-year-old German resident from Afghanistan suspected of extremism, says Dutch PM
A 19-year-old Afghan citizen had a "terrorist motive" for allegedly stabbing two Americans at the main train station in Amsterdam, city authorities in the Dutch capital have said.
Amsterdam police shot and wounded the suspect after the double stabbing on Friday at Central station. The local government said hours later that it appeared the victims were not targeted for a specific reason. Continue reading...

Cartoon row sought to rile Dutch Muslims, but found only dignity
Geert Wilders' fearmongering in the Netherlands failed against a greater sense of humanity
Like many Pakistani Muslims living in the Netherlands, Usman Firdausi was disturbed when the far-right Dutch politician Geert Wilders announced plans to hold a contest for cartoons caricaturing the prophet Muhammad.
Thousands of miles away in Pakistan, more than 10,000 people demonstrated against the contest in a march organised by Islamist party Tehreek-e-Labbaik, which also called on Pakistan and other Islamist countries to sever ties with the Netherlands.
I want to run my shop, do my work, live my life in peace and harmony here Continue reading...

Amsterdam council drafts in refugees to teach amid shortage
Civil servants have also been asked to step into classrooms as new school year starts
Amsterdam city council has asked civil servants and Syrian refugees with teaching experience to step into the classroom because of a teacher shortage at the start of the school year.

The Dutch capital has been among the areas worst affected by a lack of teachers nationwide.
Related: Why Dutch teenagers are among the happiest in the world Continue reading...

Far-right Dutch MP cancels Muhammad cartoon competition
Geert Wilders drops plans for controversial contest in November following death threats
Dutch anti-Islam MP Geert Wilders has cancelled a planned contest inviting people to submit a cartoon of the prophet Muhammad following death threats and large-scale protests in Pakistan.
"To avoid the risk of victims of Islamic violence, I have decided not to let the cartoon contest go ahead," the far-right opposition politician said in a written statement on Thursday night. Continue reading...